The Must-see Cities in the Czech RepublicRuss Bily
Hearing about the Czech Republic, everyone will remember something of his own. Someone will think of famous Czech beer and beautiful festivals, somebody of unique architecture, ancient medieval castles and bridges. But the Czech Republic is not only Prague and not just the country of medieval charm, but a land of picturesque landscapes.
The fields of Moravia, the rocks, forests, and mountains make you fall in love with this country at first sight. And if you do not know where to spend a week or two, I advise you to visit the Czech Republic, because a little bit of a fairy tale in our life never kills anybody.
Indeed, the Czech Republic is a beautiful multifaceted country, and it is worth visiting. Why? Learn from this article.
In my article “5 Recommendations of What You Can Do in Prague”, I advised you to walk along the Charles Bridge, admire the architecture of Old Town Square, watch an Astronomical Clock performance, enjoy a classic performance in Prague National Theatre, visit the smallest street in Prague, climb the Petřín Hill, and watch Prague from the Observation Tower.
Prague boasts some of the most striking architectural landmarks in Europe. It is also famous for its abundance of tasty beers, pubs and beer halls. When you’re not drinking pilsner, make time for cultural events or visit the following attractions:
- Old Town Square is a popular spot in Prague, with travelers flocking here in droves for its beautiful architecture, colorful history, and vibrant atmosphere.
The square is home to some of the most historic attractions in the city, including the Old Town Hall, one of the best places to get a bird’s eye view of the city, and the Prague Astronomical Clock. This clock doesn’t display the time of day. Rather, it’s meant to be used to determine the phases of the moon and the equinoxes. The clock uses depictions of symbols, such as a money bag representing greed, a mirror to represent vanity and a skeleton to depict death. Each hour the clock shows a visualization of time unlike anything else in the world.
There are also several restaurants at the square, where locals and travelers enjoy a coffee or a beer on the patios.
- The Charles Bridge (Karluv most) connects Old Town (Staré Mesto) and Lesser Town (Malá Strana). Visitors come here to soak up the atmosphere, buy souvenirs and to see 30 saint statues that line the bridge. A visit to the bridge is a must-do, especially if it’s your first time in Prague.
- Holding the record for the most massive castle complex in the world, Prague Castle serves double duty as the residence of the Czech President and a popular tourist destination. The complex where it stands is also home to several other attractions. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site, the grounds feature a variety of architectural styles, including everything from Romanesque buildings to Gothic structures from. Throughout its history, the castle and the area around it have gone through extensive restorations and renovations.
The grounds include St. Vitus Cathedral, the Royal Palace, St. George’s Basilica, and the Golden Lane, where homes have been converted into period scenes to show how artisans lived and worked in ancient times.
- St. Vitus Cathedral features neo-Gothic stylings alongside Renaissance and baroque details. One of the highlights is the tomb of St. John of Nepomuk, with its intricate silverwork. Don’t miss the art nouveau stained-glass window work completed by the famous Czech painter Alfons Mucha.
- Located in Lesser Town, the St. Nicholas Church is well visited for its stunning baroque architecture, lust frescoes, and classical sculptures. Here you will find the largest fresco in Europe as well as an organ system with more than 4,000 pipes that was once played by Mozart. Along with being an active parish, the church hosts about 200 concerts per year.
- Josefov, Prague’s historic Jewish Quarter, is home to several significant sites, including some important synagogues like the Spanish Synagogue and the Old New Synagogue. The Old Jewish Cemetery is a sight to behold. This neighborhood offers a hands-on history of Jewish life in the Czech Republic. Josefov lies to the north and northwest of the Old Town.
- The bizarrely designed Dancing House is closed to the public. Still, travelers like to take photos of the unique structure. Original design plans were conceived by Vlado Miluni in 1992 with assistance by architect Frank Gehry, and construction was completed in 1996.
In Prague you can walk days and nights, looking at the rich heritage of the Middle Ages—ancient castles, fortresses, temples, squares, and bridges, bridges, bridges, etc. Old buildings so nicely combine here with modern houses, tiled roofs, shops, and parks, that they want to be placed under the glass and admire somewhere at home.
Ceský Krumlov, just a short drive or train ride away from Prague, is a beautiful small town, located in the heart of Bohemia. Ceský Krumlov is one of the most popular trip destinations in the Czech Republic. If you want to know more about this popular among tourists town, please see my article «Day Trip to Cesky Krumlov and Hluboka Castle from Prague».
The town, surrounded by the Vltava River and dominated by the majestic castle on the hill, is a unique architectural jewel, whose importance is underlined by the inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Above the Vltava River has developed unique urban buildings, especially from the 16th century, along with an extensive castle and chateau, which is second largest castle complex in the Czech Republic after the Prague Castle.
When you’re in the castle area, make sure you take a stroll through the large gardens. They are beautifully maintained and are especially nice to walk around on a sunny day.
Also, take a look at the outdoor theater with its famous rotating auditorium. The auditorium can be turned during play to follow acts performed in different areas of the park.
Besides seeing the castle and its gardens, climb the tower of the Český Krumlov Castle for a great bird’s eye view of the town and river below.
You can also spend a few hours walking along the narrow streets and lanes of the historical center and exploring Český Krumlov on your own. In the ancient center, you should visit the Medieval Town Square, in which small cute buildings look like from a fairy tale. In the center of the square, there is the famous Plague Column and the Old Town Hall. Visit the Torture Museum in the basement of the Town Hall.
In my article «Day Trip to Cesky Krumlov and Hluboka Castle from Prague», I also recommended visiting the Roman Catholic Church of St. Vitus, built in Gothic style, the Minorite Monastery from the 14th century, the synagogue in Nouveau-Romanesque style with unique acoustics.
If you are interested in art, visit Egon Schiele Art Centrum, the Museum of Architecture and Craft, and the Marionette Museum.
Český Krumlov is a beautiful town to walk around. Walk the meandering streets of a city full of art, concerts and theater performances, galleries and craft shops. On the must-see castle bridge, you’ll find a breathtaking view of the historic center and the Vltava river that almost encircles it. This singular view from a castle built on rock clefts will ensure your desire to return.
Kutná Hora also called „the City of Silver“ is a remarkably enchanting, historic city, located about 80 km to the east of Prague. The city center is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
You need at least one full day to see all interesting places which Kutná Hora offers: the magnificent Gothic St Barbara’s Cathedral, Jesuit College, the Italian Court, the Museum of Silver, the Medieval Silvermine.
But be sure to visit the number one must-see place in Kutná Hora – Sedlec Ossuary „Kostnice“ or famous Bone Church, one of the unique burial grounds in the world, located in a cemetery and decorated with sculptures of human bones.
I dedicated one of my articles “Day Trip from Prague to Kutná Hora: Bone Church” to describe this unique place, so if you are interested in its history, please read it.
Located on the southeast of Bohemia, 160 km out of Prague, Telč is a city with a beautiful historical square, lined with Gothic and Renaissance houses with arcades and richly decorated gables. Since 1992, Telč is listed in a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This city isn´t so touristic like Prague or Český Krumlov, but you will feel there a unique fairy tale atmosphere and at least for a while you will return to the Renaissance.
If you read my article “How to travel from Prague to Vienna by Private Car and have a Stop in Wachau Valley,“ you should know that the Renaissance Telč Castle is must-see place in Telč. It’s worth enjoying the beauty of the Golden, Blue, and Marble Halls.
The Church of the Holy Spirit is also must-visit as this unique cult structure was initially erected in the Romanesque style but then rebuilt into Gothic. I also recommend climbing the bell tower of this church. Oslednice Hill also offers a fairytale view of the city of Telč.
You should also visit the Central Square of this toy-town with its tiny houses, churches, and chapels that have preserved their original appearance.
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad
Located on the west of Bohemia, 130 km out of Prague, Karlovy Vary is considered one of the most beautiful spa cities in the Central Europe. Colonnades with the mineral springs, remarkable monuments, green parks – all these attributes create a charming spa atmosphere of relaxing.
Many tourists come here annually in July to see the famous Film Festival.
Besides spa procedures and even famous beer spa in Karlovy Vary, Hot Spring or Vřídlo Colonnade, Mlýnská or Mill Colonnade, as well as the White Wooden Market Colonnade are worth seeing.
If you are fond of museums, Jan Becher Museum and the Glass Museum exhibition are waiting for you, too. I advise you to participate in the tour of glassworks and buy glass products in the Moser factory shop.
You may also visit the Church of St. Mary Magdalene, one of the most important Baroque structures not only in Karlovy Vary but in the whole Czech Republic, and the Orthodox Church of St. Peter and Paul.
I also recommend you to take a walk to the Charles IV Outlook or to the Deer Leap (Jelení skok). Both places can be reached from the Friendship Hill with the stone Diana Observation Tower.
Brno is the city of Leoš Janáček and Johann Gregor Mendel. It blends rich history with modernity and innovation. It is called the Moravian capital and the city of universities, a business hub and a great place to live, not just to visit. It’s a city of galleries, museums, cafés, clubs, and festivals.
Visiting Brno, you should see Špilberk Castle, a unique cultural heritage of the Middle Ages, Freedom Square with its Plague Column, Kline‘s Palace and the House of Lords from Lipa, one of the most beautiful of Brno Renaissance houses, and the Gothic Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, located on the Petrov hill.
You will like the Town Hall, the oldest building in Brno, and Museum of the Moravian Land, a large complex, which of castles and palaces.
Do not forget to visit Villa Tugendhat, a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, a masterpiece of functionalism.
For the more detailed information about Brno, please read my article “How to travel from Prague to Vienna by Private Car and have a Stop in Wachau Valley».
Znojmo is located 55 kilometers from Brno. It is an interesting settlement with an ancient history, famous for its Gothic architecture.
Here you can enjoy the beauty of Znojmo Castle, Rotunda of Our Lady & St Catherine, and the Church of St Nicholas.
You will like a labyrinth of underground corridors below the old town. And please don’t miss the 66m tower on Znojmo’s Town Hall, one of Moravia’s best examples of late Gothic architecture.
For the more detailed information about Znojmo, please read my article “How to travel from Prague to Vienna by Private Car and have a Stop in Wachau Valley».
Mikulov is located next to the Austrian border, 40 kilometers from Znojmo, but it’s worth visiting, as it is considered the center of Czech winemaking. Wine exhibitions are held regularly here.
Besides wine cellars and exhibitions, visit Mikulov castle, a fabulous Baroque palace, which is worth seeing in the evening.
Visit the Historic Square with some Renaissance houses, the Knights House with graffiti decorations, the Canons´ house, with a beautiful fountain, the Pomona statue, and Baroque Holy Trinity Statue. Na Turoldu Cave is a must-visit place in Mikulov, as it’s the largest cave of the Pálava Hills.
For the more detailed information about Mikulov, please read my article “How to travel from Prague to Vienna by Private Car and have a Stop in Wachau Valley».
Lednice and Valtice
These two picturesque wine-making towns are also situated in Moravia, at the border with Austria and Slovakia, about 260 km out of Prague, 110 km of out Vienna, and 94 km out of Bratislava. In the middle of Lednice and Valtice is spread the unique area called „The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape“ which consists of two big castles with royal gardens, several small palaces, chapels, temples, ponds, minaret and many other remarkable monuments. This complex is registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Gothic Medieval Lednice Castle, which is a part of the grand complex, which includes Lednice and Valtice Chateau, as well as the almost 200 square kilometers of magnificent parks and gardens.
Here you can also visit the neo-Gothic summer residence of the Liechtenstein family, visit the tropical greenhouse, have a boat trip on the park’s canals, and taste some wine while visiting the wine cellars beneath Valtice Chateau.
Please read my article “Best Way to Travel Between Prague, Budapest, and Vienna” to see more information about a trip to the Medieval Gothic Lednice Castle.
Harrachov is located 130 km to the north of Prague at an altitude of 686 m above sea level and is one of the most important winter sports centers in the western part of the Giant Mountains.
If you go to this mountain city, don´t miss to visit the spectacular Mumlava waterfalls, which can be reached along the river Mumlava. Its height is up to 8 meters, and width is 10 meters. In every season, Mumlava waterfalls look differently, so whether you arrive at any time, you will discover this splendid place in a unique appearance. The waterfall occupies the entire riverbed and forms large hollows in the granite rock, called the Devil’s eyes. These holes were excavated in the granite base by the moving water with stones. Near the waterfalls is located Mumlava Chalet – formerly Harrachov’s gamekeeper’s house, now a restaurant.
For the lovers of active rest, the bobsleigh track in Harrachov, together with transport facilities, is approximately 1,000 meters long. There are also many attractions in Krkonoše National Park, where two rivers Jizera and Mumlava meet. An area of 5,500 square meters is entirely in a natural environment.
You may also like to visit Ski Museum and Exposition Šindelka, which acquaints the visitors with the forestry themes, from the extraction of a forest, moving the trees to the roads and their removal for further processing to the subsequent reforestation and care of the area.
Besides all this, you can see the expositions of glassworks, microbrewery, and have a beer spa.
Plzeň and České Budějovice
Finally, I recommend you to visit these two cities, famous for their breweries.
Plzeň is famous for the brewery Plzeňský Prazdroj (see full post here “Places to Visit on the Way From Munich to Prague“), which brews beer brand Pilsner Urquell and Gambrinus.
Pivovarské Muzeum or Brewery Museum is the place you should visit here. I also recommend you to visit Plzeň Historical Underground under the center of the city.
Besides beer, Plzeň is also interesting for its historical center with Náměstí Republiky, the most prominent central area in Europe. It has a beautiful town hall, museums of monsters and puppets, and beautiful fountains. Marian or Plague Column also serve as a decoration of the square. Be sure to visit the Cathedral of St. Bartholomew.
You may also visit České Budějovice to taste the original Budweiser beer at Budvar Brewery. You will see how the long-time tradition is combined with modern technology in producing Budweiser Budvar beer, which is very popular among the beer-lovers all over the world.
The Czech Republic is a unique charm of the Middle Ages and a paradise for beer lovers, so it must be seen with your own eyes. You will like a leisurely walk through the quiet cobbled streets of Czech cities. Sometimes it seems that only in the Czech Republic you can open the invisible door to the past.
People come to the Czech Republic to get inspiration. Magnificent and toy cities with their architectural masterpieces make this country one of the most beautiful places in Europe and the promised land for photographers. This country has beautiful architectural monuments and amazingly beautiful landscapes.
The Czech Republic has so much to offer! If you are thinking about the most suitable, comfortable, economical, and the easiest way of transport during your trip, be sure that traveling in a private car with a local driver guide, using our service https://www.besttrips.eu/, is an ideal solution for you!