Unpredictable Germany: TOP-7 Interesting TownsRuss Bily
Germany is often called the land of poets and thinkers. This is not surprising, because many world-known composers lived in Germany… Bach, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Handel, Beethoven, Wagner, Brahms and many others. The names of German philosophers are known throughout the world… Kant, Nietzsche, Hegel, Heidegger, Schopenhauer.
Germany is rich in different landscapes: forests, rivers, mountain ranges and the North Sea beaches. Berlin, its capital, is home to art and nightlife, the Brandenburg Gate and many sites relating to WWII. Munich is known for its Oktoberfest and beer halls, including the 16th-century Hofbräuhaus. Frankfurt, with its skyscrapers, houses the European Central Bank.
What else do you know about Germany? Did you know that Germany is the seventh most visited country in the world? Additionally, more than 30% of Germans spend their holiday in their own country.
In Germany, each city can be rightly called the pearl of this country. We have made for you a mini-guide on the most interesting of them, and today we will tell you which German cities should be visited first.
Want to see a city that is older than Rome for thousand-odd years? Then go to Trier, because it was in his time the capital of the Western Roman Empire. And although the empire is no more, the former glory and grandeur are now reminiscent of the imperial terms, the amphitheater, the oldest Roman bridge in the country and the monumental Black Gate. Well, after traveling during the time of the ancient Romans, why not remember a childhood in the Toy Museum or not stroll to the waterfalls of Gillenbach and Sircensherbach?
What are the main highlights of this German city?
Protective strengthening of the city, which was built by the Romans in the second century of our era. These are the largest and most preserved gates throughout the Western Roman Empire. The gates are built of sandstone. In those distant times, this architectural monument was light, but dust eventually painted it black. Stone blocks are tightly fitted to each other without cement. Later they were sealed with iron staples and lead pins, but in the Middle Ages, they went to scrap metal.
It differs in its richness of decoration. In 1986 it was added to the list of the World Cultural Heritage of Mankind. Serious measures have been taken to save the cathedral from destruction. The cathedral was laid in 320. The giant dimensions of the columns, the purity, and harmony of the vaults make this oldest cathedral in Germany one of the wonders of Romanesque art.
The Electoral Palace
The facade of the palace (18th century) is pink in color and decorated with pseudo-antique statues and gilding. One wing of the palace is Rococo, the other – in the Renaissance style. Before the palace, a string of statues, carved arches form, and a large pond are adorned with magnificent gardens.
The House of Three Kings
The house-fortress of Germany is located in the historical center of the city, on Simeonstraße. An unknown medieval architect wanted to protect tenants from unwanted guests. The only entrance door was at the level of the second floor, you could get inside only by the ladder. In case of danger, the staircase was removed, and from the windows of the second and third floors, the attackers could pour out or throw something away.
The amphitheater is another evidence of the power of the Roman Empire, located on the slope of the mountain Petrisberg. The construction of the amphitheater was at the same time as the construction of the Roman city wall in the 1st century AD. Underneath were vast cellar rooms, where gladiators and exotic beasts were expected to enter the battle. During the Middle Ages, the Roman amphitheater was partially destroyed. The ground part served as a mining site for urban construction.
Currently, various events, concerts and the annual Festival of Antiquity are held in Terrier.
The most famous native of the city is Karl Marx. He was born here on May 5, 1818, in the house number 664 on Brückenstrasse.
Accommodation: The average cost of a hotel room in Trier is € 48-80 per night per person.
In hotels of higher “star rating”, the price fluctuates within € 72-112 per night.
How to get there: the nearest airport to Trier is in Luxembourg. From there you can get to the city by bus or train. Check the train schedule and buy a ticket here.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
If you are close to medieval romance, be sure to visit Rothenburg-on-Tauber. This city is famous for the fact that local authorities (as well as the citizens themselves) zealously preserve its appearance of the sample of the XVII century. Here you will not find any modern quarters, no office buildings or highways. But there are quiet streets and half-timbered houses, so similar to those in the tales of the Brothers Grimm, and every evening the city guard with a lantern and a halberd bypasses the Old Town, then to regale the guests of Rothenburg with ancient city legends.
Will be in Rotenburg, certainly climb to the Town Hall, with a viewing platform which offers a beautiful view of the city. And the Town Hall itself deserves attention, as it combines elements of different architectural styles. And in the courtyard, you can find out what measures of weight and length the Ruttenburgers used in the Middle Ages.
Have a look at the Christmas Museum (where else you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of your favorite holiday at any time of the year ?!), and in the Starotorenburg house (1270 years old, among other things) you can find out about the life of urban artisans of those times.
The main attractions of Rothenburg ob der Tauber include the following:
– Town Hall on the main square;
– St. Jacob’s Church – one of the best churches throughout Germany, founded in 1845;
– Old Town Walls – the remains of the former fortress, built in the 13th century;
– St. George’s fountain in the central square;
– Toppler Castle (Topplerschlösschen);
– An observation deck on the Town Hall Tower;
– Medieval Crime and Punishment Museum – a unique place where you can learn about crimes and punishment in Europe for 1000 years;
– Plönlein (“Little Square”) – the visiting card of the town;
– Christmas Museum – a place where you can learn everything about this holiday.
For the wide angle view of the town and surrounding, mostly pastoral countryside, climb the Town Hall tower. To feel the excitement of a medieval person who approached this then important town, view Rothenburg’s incomparable silhouettes from the plateau across the Tauber River Valley and from the ancient double vaulted bridge on the valley floor. For more views, walk along the wall that surrounds the Old Town.
Accommodation: in Rothenburg, everyone will find apartments for their taste and wallet. The price for a room in a 3-star hotel per night (per guest) ranges from € 52 to € 95, for a room in a 4-star hotel you have to put a little more (on average from € 80 to € 130). But if you want, of course, you can find more budget options – from € 36 per day per person.
How to get there: The nearest airport is in Nuremberg, and from there you can take a train or a bus to Rothenburg in 1.5-2 hours.
Lubeck is interesting not only for its famous red-brick Gothic buildings listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List but also because this city is the recognized capital of German marzipans. The first thing to do is to visit Old Lübeck, a historic district on the island. Visit its majestic cathedrals and churches, the old Holstein Gate, the Town Hall and, of course, the Marzipan Museum and the Marionette Museum. And finally – go up to the observation deck of St. Peter’s Church to admire the panorama of the city from a height.
Top attractions include:
Holsten Gate & Old Town
The famous Holsten Gate and the historic Old Town which the UNESCO declared a world cultural heritage site in 1987. The fortified gate from the 15th century is the landmark of Lübeck.
The construction of Lübeck’s city hall began in 1230 and is with its various changes one of the most beautiful town halls in Germany.
Heinrich und Thomas Mann are two of Lübeck’s most famous sons. Buddenbrooks’ House has been dedicated to the two writers and the “Buddenbrooks” since 1993.
Castle Gate / The northern town gate
The Castle monastery which was founded in 1229 in Lübeck is the most important medieval monastery in Northern Germany.
Niederegger / Marzipan
Lübeck’s reputation as the “marzipan capital” goes back to the 1800’s. Directly opposite the town hall is Café Niederegger with its marzipan salon, where visitors can learn all about marzipan. The twelve life-size marzipan figures are particularly interesting.
Seafarer’s Guild building / Historical restaurant
This building was acquired in 1535 by the Seafarer’s Guild and is nowadays a landmark restaurant in Lübeck.
In addition, don’t miss Travemünde outside Lübeck. Travemünde is one of Europe‘s most beautiful and attractive seaside resorts that already since 1802 has made the former Fisher and sailer town one of the first ports of call for bathers from near and far. Taking a stroll on the historic beach promenade you will marvel at the fascinating sailing oldtimers, chugging sea angling boats and huge ferries on the Baltic Sea which you will be able to see at close quarters.
Accommodation: You can rent accommodation in Lübeck at quite reasonable prices: a single room in a 3-star hotel costs an average of € 53-75, in a 4-star hotel – from € 62 to € 139 per night. You can find more budget options in 2-star hotels – from € 51.
How to get there: The nearest major airport is Lübeck Blankensee Airport (LBC / EDHL). This airport has international flights and is 11 km from the center of Lubeck, Germany.
Another major airport is Hamburg Airport (HAM / EDDH), which has international and domestic flights from Hamburg, Germany and is 72 km from Lubeck, Germany.
Bamberg is another small German “miracle”, and not only thanks to the architectural beauties that survived after the Second World War. This small town on the river Regnitz conquers its home atmosphere and coziness. The area of Little Venice, the old Town Hall, which houses a rich collection of antique porcelain, a magnificent rose garden, majestic cathedrals and the real fortress of Altenburg sinks into the soul at first sight.
Bamberg is a university town and an important center for cultural festivals and activities, and its symphony orchestra has an international reputation. The town’s wonderfully preserved historic downtown area with its medieval architecture, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is famous for its seven hills, each crowned with a lovely old church.
Old Town Hall
It’s a stunning piece of architecture, in particular, due to the lovely frescoes adorning its facades, and which depict the tale of how the building came to be built on the island. Inside, highlights include the beautiful old Rococo hall and the Ludwig Collection with its more than 300 exquisite 18th-century animal-shaped tureens, figurines, and dinner services made of porcelain.
The early 11th-century Bamberg Cathedral boasts numerous features of interest, including the Prince’s Doorway, the principal entrance with its figures of apostles and prophets and a relief of the Last Judgment.
The New Residence
The New Residenz includes the Prince-Bishop’s residential apartments, the Gallery of German Art with its Heisterbach Altar, and a collection of paintings from the 15th -18th centuries, as well as the State Library. A highlight of any visit should be the courtyard with its beautiful rose-garden and magnificent views.
On Bamberg’s tallest hill, Altenburg Castle is one of the town’s most popular attractions. Dating back to the early 12th century when it was used as the refuge for the townspeople, it later served as the palatial home of Bamberg’s bishops. Rebuilt in the Romantic style, highlights of a visit include its sumptuously furnished rooms and the spectacular views of the old town and the surrounding area. The site also boasts one of the town’s most popular restaurants.
Grüner Markt and St. Martin’s Church
Bamberg’s long, pedestrian-friendly Grüner Markt (Green Market) is a wonderful place to spend a few hours shopping and people watching. Full of cafés and boutique stores, it’s also home to a popular market, as well as many important historic structures, including the St. Catherine Hospital and Seminary, and the Gabelman fountain with its statue of Neptune. The best known historic landmark, however, is the Church of St. Martin.
Accommodation: Here you can find both an inexpensive room in a medium-sized hotel (€ 49-89 per night from one), and more respectable accommodation options in “star” hotels (this will cost you an average of € 96-185). True, sometimes there are quite budgetary prices, even for apartments in 4-star hotels, then how lucky.
How to get there: You can get there by plane, but you will not have to fly to Bamberg itself (the city airport only accepts charter flights), and to neighboring Memmingen, Nuremberg or Frankfurt. And from there to Bamberg you will easily get on the train.
This small German city on Lake Constance will enchant you at first sight. Old streets and buildings in the historic part of the city, the Old Castle and the New Palace will take you to the past, and various museums (winemaking, urban history, dirigibles and carpet weaving) will acquaint with the rich history of Meersburg and open it from different, sometimes unexpected sides.
But the city has many more pleasant surprises! For example, in October, you will certainly visit the Medieval Market, and at the end of November or early December – Christmas Fair. If you are lucky enough to be in Meersburg from February to March, you can witness a local carnival, which takes place 6 weeks before Lent.
In early May, the townspeople celebrate the Fish Festival, and from May to September several times a week the city orchestra plays free of charge for the city’s guests in Lower Meersburg. In June, the Palace Square turns into a stage for the open-air concerts of rock and opera, and at the beginning of September, the inhabitants of Meersburg rejoice at the Wine Festival. So you will not be bored, believe me!
Accommodation: in Meersburg, you can rent a single room in a 3-4-star hotel for the price starting from € 65 to € 100 per night. In more luxurious hotels, the cost of the apartments ranges from € 115 to € 140.
How to get there: Get here most conveniently by plane (the nearest airport is Friedrichshafen, FDH, 23 km from the city center). Another air gate nearby (39 km from the city) is Altenrhein Airport (ACH) in Switzerland. If there are profitable tickets, we advise you to fly to Zurich.
Görlitz is a difficult city because it is located in two states at the same time. You say you cannot be? And here it can! The eastern part of the city after World War II separated and became part of Poland, where it remains today under the name Zgorzelec. But the western one remained in Germany – for the joy of the Germans and the guests of the city.
But, although the city and a small, there is something to do. To begin with, it is worth to visit St. Peter and Paul’s Cathedral and listen to the local organ – the sound is simply amazing! Be sure to walk around the historic center. The buildings and the whole appearance of the ancient Herlitz were preserved here as they were in the distant 1500s. Gothic, Renaissance, Art Nouveau – a colorful mixture of styles and eras imparts a unique flavor, immersing you in a magical atmosphere.
You can see the city on your palm as you reach the observation deck of the Landeskrone hill, and definitely, try the best beer from the local brewery Landskronbrauerei and visit the oldest museum in Germany – Silesian, where you can learn many interesting things from the history of Silesia.
Accommodation: rent accommodation in Görlitz will not fit your budget. The average price for a hotel room (3-4 stars) per person is € 38-85.
How to get there: Getting there: Görlitz is on the Polish border with Germany, and one of the most convenient and cheapest ways to get there is from Wrocław.
What’s interesting for you in Bremen? First, the images of the same four in all possible places and types: a sculpture in the city center, on the signs of souvenir shops and shops, in the form of souvenir figures of a cock, a donkey, a cat and a dog, and even on the logotype of the Bremen tourist organization! What can I say, obviously, the townspeople love their book heroes? You can even listen to their repertoire: on the Market Square, there is a so-called Bremen Hole. In appearance, it is an ordinary cover of the sewer hatch. But if you put a coin in the slot, you can hear the voice of one of the musicians.
But not only is this the city of the Brothers Grimm. Feel yourself in a fairy tale, strolling through the old quarter of Schnoor with the most beautiful medieval buildings, or take a walk along the Bettherstrasse – a real street museum. Take a photo as a souvenir next to the sculpture of the Bremen Quartet near the Town Hall, and find a music house – you can easily find it on 30 bells of Meissen porcelain hanging between the pediments.
You can listen to their ringing at 12:00, 15:00 and 18:00 in the first half of the year and every hour from 12:00 to 18:00 – in the second. But do not be in a hurry to leave, because next to it is another Bremen miracle – the rotating tower. Several times a day the doors on its facade open, and tourists can see 10 carved wooden panels with images of the Earth and famous inventors and travelers.
Another is to visit the mill in the Vallanlagen park, a very beautiful and picturesque place, and do not forget about the city park and museums (Arts and Ethnography) – if not get tired by then.
Accommodation: The hotel single room in a 3-star hotel in Bremen can be rented for an average of € 48-80 per night. Day in a 4-star hotel will cost already € 95-140 for one.
How to get there: Getting to Bremen is the most convenient way from Hamburg (by train per hour).
According to Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Reports, Germany is rated as one of the safest travel destinations worldwide. Germany has numerous cities of interest to visitors which are the mix of tradition and modernity.
From half-timbered medieval towns to cosmopolitan cities, Germany offers a thoroughly engaging. You can explore quiet streets and half-timbered houses, so similar to those in the tales of the Brothers Grimm, visit majestic cathedrals and churches.
Various museums (winemaking, urban history, dirigibles and carpet weaving) will acquaint with the rich history of Meersburg and open it from different, sometimes unexpected sides.
We invite you to explore Germany with us! If you are looking forward to having a really suitable and comfortable way to travel to Dresden and not only, be sure that traveling in a private car with a local English-speaking driver, using our service, is an ideal solution for you.
Germany is ready for visitors! Keep tuned!